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    Alternative
    Performance Measures

    Alternative Performance Measures (APM)

    Interroll uses key indicators defined in the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) throughout its entire financial reporting, as well as selected Alternative Performance Measures (APMs). These alternative measures provide useful information on the Group's financial situation and are used for financial management and control purposes.
    As these measures are not defined under IFRS, the calculation may differ from the published APMs of other companies. For this reason, comparability across companies may be limited.

    The key alternative performance measures used at Interroll for the 2020 financial reporting are defined as follows:

    Alternative Performance Measures (APM) Interroll calcualtion Page in Annual Report 2020
    Productivity Value added divided by personnel costs. key figures
    Added value Turnover plus inventory changes for semi-finished and finished products minus cost of materials. key figures
    Average number of employees (full-time equivalents) Sum of full-time equivalents per month divided by the number of months. A full-time equivalent corresponds to 100% employment. key figures, p. 107
         
    RNA (Return on Net Assets, in %) Net profit plus financial result (net) divided by net assets. key figures
    Total net assets Total inventory (net) plus prepayments for inventory, prepaid expenses and accrued income, current tax assets, other accounts receivables and forward exchange dealing minus total trade and other accounts payable, accrued expenses' and current tax liabilities. part of RNA
         
    Gross Margin (as a % of sales) Sales minus cost of materials, 'inventory changes for semi-finished and finished products and own goods capitalised', production-related expenses (without machine maintenance), freight, provisions and value adjustments (net), variable sales costs plus income from freight and packaging. p. 65
    Return of invested capital (ROIC) EBIT minus income taxes divided by total assets. p. 65
    Net debt Total financial liabilities plus long term loans others, notes payables minus cash and cash equivalents. p. 100
    Gross investments Investments in property, plant and equipment, intangible assets and the calculated present values for rights of use to assets that are accounted for in accordance with IFRS 16. p. 35
         
    Operating Profit (EBITDA) EBITDA. p. 65
    Free Cash Flow Cash flow from operating activities plus cash flow from investing activities (chapter 1.4 consolidated statement of cash flow) key figures
    Operating Cash Flow Cash flow from operating activities; (chapter 1.4 consolidated statement of cash flow). key figures